UPSC 2022

  • UPSC Civil Services Examination is largely called UPSC Exam or IAS Exam. It is an annual examination conducted by the sole authority – Union Public Service Commission. Deriving its functions entailed under Article 320, UPSC conducts various examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.
  • The UPSC Exam pattern is set by the conducting body, i.e., the Union Public Service Commission. It is a yearly conducted examination and the paper pattern for the IAS Examhas been the same since 2013.
  • The UPSC Civil Services Examination is considered to be the toughest examination in India. It has earned this moniker partly due to the intense competition and partly due to the comprehensive UPSC Syllabus. Apart from that, the exam pattern for UPSC CSE is quite complicated, and a typical examination cycle lasts for almost a year from the preliminary exam until the final results are declared.

As you may know, UPSC offers Economics optional as a subject in the civil services mains exam. Students seem to be cracking this exam with excellent scores in Economics, proving that it has a higher success rate than other optional subjects. Aspirants from a math or engineering background tend to go for Economics because they can excel in it easily with their pre-acquired knowledge. Toppers like Gaurav Agarwal the first rank holder  in the Civil Service Exam of 2013, testify that Economics as an optional can yield good results with some hard work and practice.

The optional you choose has a substantial impact on your score in the UPSC CSE mains, which is why it is essential to make sure that you have mastered your optional subject. While your interest in the subject can be the primary ground for choosing an optional, material availability is also something to keep in mind while making such an important decision. A thorough understanding of the syllabus, well-planned strategy and consistent practice can help you make it with flying colours in exams like UPSC CSE.

Here are some pros and cons of taking Economics as your optional

PROS

  • It’s an understandable subject that follows logic and reason.
  • As was already mentioned, Economics is a technological subject that is just as contemporary as other mainstream optionals.
  • Overlaps and covers roughly 50–60% of the GS Paper 3 syllabus.
  • Covers nearly 20–30 points in UPSC Preliminary GS Paper 1.
  • For reference, there are plenty of study materials available in the market.

CONS

  • It can be a little challenging to finish the entire curriculum and have a thorough comprehension without much Economics knowledge.
  • Since there are a lot of graphs involved which might turn out to be challenging. But once you get the hang of it earning marks would be a cake walk.
  • As mathematics covers a wide portion of the exam, lack of practical concepts clarity can act as a hindrance to your preparations. 
  • Despite the abundance of study materials in the market and shortage of time, referring to the specific exam oriented study material could be a major challenge.

Preparation Strategy

Success in competitive exams like UPSC heavily depends on having the right strategy with robust preparation. The right attitude and focus can help you beat other aspirants and stay a step ahead, for which expert guidance is essential.

6 Mantras to crack the exam:

Consistency: Putting the same amount of hard work into your preparation every day will lead to high scores, so make sure you learn, practice and revise every day with planned gaps to cool yourself down simultaneously. For economics optional it’s also essential that you practice your numerical as well.

Concise notes: You would be well aware of the syllabus’s vastness, so you must make notes the smart way and include only what’s important by cutting out the clutter. Your notes should be organized as well so you can find whatever you need quickly. Make sure you don’t waste your time making notes for everything and make notes that help you during your revision.

Solve MCQS: Make sure you practice MCQ questions and don’t leave them behind, thinking they are easy. If you think they are already your strong pursuit even, then make sure you consistently practice to get your maximum score out of it. After all, the smart strategy means working on your weaknesses while strengthening your strengths further.

Built your basics: Before moving on to complex topics, make sure that your basics are clear. Clear your doubts and build a strong foundation by starting with NCERTs.

Make newspapers your best friend: Make sure you stay updated and read the newspaper religiously as it will give you an edge over other candidates. With economics optional, make sure you always cover all economics-related news regularly.

Analyze the exam pattern: Make sure you are well versed with exam pattern, understand the needs and expectations of different papers and manage your time accordingly.

Ecoholics for online coaching

While self preparation may sound like a good idea, good coaching can help you pick up pace and get your way ahead of other aspirants. While going to a coaching can be a task, an online coaching is what every aspirant needs. Ecoholics is the one-stop destination for all your learning needs. Study economics the smart way and get an in-depth understanding of this dynamic subject with our holistic approach. Our team of expert faculties will help you polish your knowledge and provide you with one-on-one mentorship and doubt-clearing sessions, so you leave no stone unturned when it comes to your preparation. By signing up with us, you can access our live classes, video lectures, test series and get the hard copy of study material delivered to your doorstep, so your preparation never hits a bump!

Previous Year’s question papers and test series

We believe consistent practice is vital to crack UPSC, which is exactly why we provide you with previous year’s question papers from the last ten years and test series, especially for economics optional, which is excellent for keeping track of your progress. Solving previous year question papers is essential because they give an idea about the pattern of the exam UPSC follows, along with the marking scheme and the time you’re taking to solve the entire paper. By solving previous year’s question papers and test series curated by our expert faculties, you can ensure that there are no plot holes in your preparation. This will also polish your knowledge and give you the much-needed confidence for the actual Economics Optional exam in USPC.

 

Civil Services Examination takes place in three stages:

UPSC 2022 PRELIMS

  1. It is the first stage of the UPSC Exam. 
  2. It has two papers: GS-I and CSAT.
  3. Both the papers are of objective type (MCQ).
  4. GS 1 has 100 questions, while CSAT has 80. 
  5. There is a provision of negative marking for each wrong answer. 
  6. CSAT paper is of qualifying nature. Only those candidates passing with the minimum of 66 marks in this paper get their GS Paper 1 checked. 
  7. Marks of both the prelims papers are not considered for the final merit list. 

UPSC 2022 MAINS

  1. It is a theory-based paper. Therefore, unlike prelims where a candidate has to select the right answer out of the given options (MCQ); in mains examination, one has to write subjective answers. 
  2. There are nine papers, out of which two language papers are of qualifying nature. 
  3. A candidate has to secure at least 30 percent in Indian language paper and 25 percent in English Language paper, failing which the remaining papers (GS, Essay & Optional) are not evaluated. 
  4. Marks scored in the language papers are not considered in the final evaluation.
  5. The candidate has to select one optional subject from the list of 48 subjects listed by the Commission. There are two optional papers. (Please Note – Two Papers are based on the optional subject selected by the candidate).
  6. While language papers are of 300 marks; the remaining seven papers are of 250 marks each. 

UPSC 2022 INTERVIEW

The dates of the UPSC 2022 personality test are not out. Only those candidates who will qualify mains examination would be summoned to take UPSC 2022 interview. Usually, the number of candidates who take the personality test is twice the number of vacancies allotted for that year. 

IAS ELIGIBILITY

IAS
Exam Age Limit

21
to 32 years

Age
Relaxation

As
per category (mentioned below)

Educational
Qualification for IAS

Graduation

Nationality

Indian
citizens only

UPSC AGE LIMIT FOR CIVIL SERVICES EXAM 2022

  • The candidates must have attained 21 years of age and be less than 32 years of age as of 1st August 2022 i.e., the candidate must have been born not earlier than 2nd August, 1990 and not later than 1st August, 2001. The official notification will carry UPSC Age Limit 2022 details. The official notification will carry the details about the age for UPSC Exam 2022.

Category

Minimum Age Limit for UPSC

Maximum Age Limit for UPSC

IAS exam Age Limit for General Category

21

32

EWS

21

32

SC/ST

21

37

IAS OBC Age Limit

21

35

UPSC Exam Age Limit for General, SC/ST, OBC & Other categories

UPSC Exam Age Limit for General, SC/ST, OBC & Other categories

Category

UPSC Age Limit- Upper Relaxation

Number of Attempts

General

32

6

OBC

35

9

SC/ST

37

Unlimited (Up to age limit)

Disabled Defence Services Personnel

35

9

Ex-Servicemen

37

9

Persons with

Benchmark Disability – EWS (Economically Weaker Section)

42

9

  

IAS ELIGIBILITY- EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION

The various academic requirements as per the IAS Eligibility Criteria are given below:

  • Minimum qualification for UPSC exam: The candidate must hold a degree from Government recognized Universities or possess an equivalent qualification.
  • Candidates who are in their final year or awaiting results are also eligible to appear for UPSC preliminary Examination. All such candidates who are likely to appear for IAS exams must provide proof of having passed the said examination along with the application for the main IAS examination.
  • Candidates having professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government as equivalent to professional and technical degrees.
  • Medical students who have passed the final year of MBBS, but are yet to complete their internship also have eligibility for IAS. Although, along with the Mains Examination application, a certificate of course completion (including internship) from the concerned authority of the University/Institution has to be submitted.

IAS ELIGIBILITY- NATIONALITY

  • Candidate must be a citizen of India
  • A person of Indian origin or a subject of Nepal, Bhutan or Tibet settled in India before 1st January 1962.

UPSC EXAM PATTERN 2022

  • The UPSC civil services exam pattern is officially divided into two stages called Preliminary and Mains Examination while in practice, it is a three-stage exam. The third being Personality Test/Interview.
  • As per the IAS exam pattern, candidates who clear the Prelims are eligible for Mains and candidates who clear the Mains reach the interview stage.

IAS PRELIMS EXAM PATTERN

 EXAM PATTERN – PRELIMS

 EXAM PATTERN – PRELIMS

Paper

Type

Number
of questions

UPSC
Total Marks

Duration

Negative
Marks

General Studies I

Objective

100

200

2 hours

Yes

General Studies II (CSAT)

Objective

80

200

2 hours

Yes

Total UPSC marks for
Prelims

400 (where GS Paper II is
qualifying in nature with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%)

     
  

IAS Exam Pattern for UPSC Mains

  • The UPSC exam pattern for the Mains stage consists of 9 papers conducted over 5-7 days. Only those candidates who secure at least the declared cut off in General Studies I and 33% in General Studies II in Prelims will be allowed to appear for the Mains Examination. 
  • As per the exam pattern of UPSC Mains, all of the papers consist of descriptive answer type questions. It is an exhaustive phase and the total marks in UPSC mains can directly affect your final scores. Thus, the UPSC exam marks for the mains phase are extremely valuable as it acts as a key factor in merit declaration. The details of UPSC syllabus with marks are given below:

                                        

                                                      EXAM
PATTERN – MAINS

Paper

Subject

Duration

IAS
Total Marks

Paper A

Compulsory Indian language

3 hours

300

Paper B

English

3 hours

300

Paper I

Essay

3 hours

250

Paper  II

General Studies I

3 hours

250

Paper III

General Studies II

3 hours

250

Paper IV

General Studies III

3 hours

250

Paper V

General Studies IV

3 hours

250

Paper VI

Optional I

3 hours

250

Paper VII

Optional II

3 hours

250

    

All of the mains papers except for the language papers A and B are of a merit ranking nature. Paper A and B are of qualifying nature and candidates must score at least 25% in each for the marks from their Paper I – Paper VII to be given weightage.

Paper A is not compulsory for candidates from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim as well as candidates with hearing impairment, provided they can prove that they have been exempted from such 2nd or 3rd language courses by their concerned board or university. The Indian Language paper covers any of the languages included in the 8th Schedule of the Constitution.

All the papers except the Language papers A and B can be answered in English or any of the languages listed in the 8th Schedule of the Constitution of India. The optional papers can be answered in English even if none of the other papers has been answered by the candidate in English.

ECONOMICS OPTIONAL

 

  • Economics is one of the optional subjects offered by the UPSC in the civil services mains exam. Though not as popular as some other subjects like Public Administration or Geography, Economics has a good success rate among candidates. There have been toppers with this optional also.
  • Economics is a very interesting optional and over the past few years, it has gained a lot of popularity mainly owing to the fact that many toppers had chosen this optional and it has been a scoring subject all along. The subject is technical and at the same time it is equally relevant in current times.
  • As mentioned above, the success rate has been good for aspirants who have chosen economics optional. Candidates who have a previous background in this subject definitely have an added advantage and can easily complete the syllabus in lesser span of time due to the familiarity of concepts.  In case of an aspirant being a complete novice to the subject, it might take a considerate time to complete the syllabus. The preparation time caries from individual to individual. The first step towards effective optional preparation is to go through the entire syllabus and keep the syllabus handy.


This is the final stage of the IAS Exam before the final results are declared. Officially it is called the Interview/Personality Test and counted as a part of the Mains Examination for merit ranking purposes. From a preparation standpoint, it is considered the third stage as preparation strategies for the written and interview stages are different. As per the IAS exam pattern, this consists of an interview by the UPSC board to assess the candidates’ suitability for a civil services career and associated responsibilities.

UPSC CSE PATTERN FOR INTERVIEW

  • The board consists of competent and unbiased observers who have a record of the candidates’ career. The board would judge the candidates mental and social traits by asking questions of general interest.
  • Some of the qualities that the board looks for are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, a balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.
  • The total marks of the UPSC interviewstage is 275, thus bringing the total marks for UPSC Mains and Interview for the merit list consideration to 2025.

 

 

 

UPSC EXAM DATES 2022

UPSC Calendar 2022 – IAS Prelims & Mains Dates

UPSC Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination 2022

5th June 2022

UPSC Civil Services (Mains) Examination 2022

16th September 2022 onwards

The fresh UPSC application form for IAS Exam will be out on 2nd February 2022. Moreover, the last date for the receipt of the application is on 22nd February 2022. 

HOW TO APPLY FOR UPSC 2022?

UPSC releases an official notification mostly in the month of February. An interested candidate has to download it from the official website of the Commission. After going through the instructions, syllabus and exam pattern of the CSE, the candidate has to apply for the preliminary stage online.

UPSC EXAM FEES

The UPSC notification also gives the amount of fees that candidates have to pay while registering for the IAS exam.

  • The registration/application fee for the UPSC prelims exam is Rs.100/-, and for the mains exam is Rs.200/-.
  • Female/SC-ST/Disabled candidates are exempt from paying the fees.
  • Payment can be made while applying for the prelims exam online, either by cash mode or by online payment. Cash payment can be made by opting for the “Pay by Cash” mode and generating the Pay-in-slip. After that, the fee should be deposited the next working day at an SBI branch.
  • Candidates should pay the exam fees (unless they are exempt) well before the last date to avoid any last-minute hiccups.
  • Candidates who will clear the IAS prelims will have to apply again for the mains exam. The UPSC will give out the notification for that as well. Follow the procedure as mentioned in the notification and apply for the mains before the due date.

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There are several classes offered to satisfy the needs of a diverse group of students. The odds of finishing higher education have never been more straightforward, from regular in-class studies to summer lessons and even online courses. You can avail us of the best online certificate courses in economics in India.

 

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The study program includes conventional and alternative jobs policies, development and economic performance; fiscal policy and the effects of government incentives; inflation measures and explanations for their fear; monetary policy and central banks’ position, and international exchange, trade, investment flows, and balance of payment.

 

Students will be able to:

Necessary competence to follow economic professions

Important Books for Economics Optional